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WHAT’S IN THIS ISSUEFour fabulous education programs!July Garden ChoresWalking OnionsSquash flowers but no fruit?Identify BeneficialsSummer Cover CropsEMG Tailgate ScheduleStart Composting TodayTomato Field Day
NEW!Demo Day at The Learning GardenThe Learning Garden presents:”The Summer Garden”Wednesday July 109:00 am – 11:00 amNC Cooperative ExtensionBuncombe County Center49 Mount Carmel RoadAsheville, NC
Presenters: The Learning Garden Team of Extension Master Gardener volunteers The Learning Garden consists of five individual gardens: Gateway, FourSeason, Rose, Sun-to-Shade, and Vegetable, each with its own set of challenges and rewards. We also have a Composting Demonstration site. Come join Master Gardeners for two hours of teaching and in-garden demonstrations as we explore seasonal activities, problems, solutions, and successes in The Summer Garden.
Maintaining a garden through the heat of summer requires an understanding of tasks such as managing soil moisture and nutrition. Learn how much water your own garden may require and explore ideas for lowering maintenance. Learn how to how to determine “good” from “bad” bugs, how to attract pollinators, and how Master Gardeners deal with pests. Bring your questions about moles and voles-they are active now, too. The day begins at 9 a.m. with a brief orientation after which you can visit the different garden sites and talk with Master Gardeners in those gardens. The program is free but registration is requested by calling 828-255-5522.
SATURDAY SEMINAR presents:”Sun to Shade-Changing Light Patterns in Your Garden”Wednesday July 1310:00 am – 12 noonNC Cooperative ExtensionBuncombe County Center49 Mount Carmel RoadAsheville, NC
Presenter: Kay Green, Extension Master Gardener volunteer
“Right plant, right place” is really . . .”Right plant, right amount of sun.” Learn how to “sun map” your garden to get better results. As the sun moves through your garden, the amount of sun or shade changes. By knowing how much sun you get each day and season, you can better plan where your plantswill thrive. Tour The Learning Garden at the Extension office to see how many sun/shade issues have been solved. Take home a list of plants that are best suited to our Western North Carolina environment. The program is free but registration is requested by calling 828-255-5522.
The Learning Garden presents:”Black Spot Disease on Roses”
Wednesday July 171:00 pm – 3:00 pmNC Cooperative ExtensionBuncombe County Center49 Mount Carmel RoadAsheville, NC
Presenter: Judy Deutsch, Extension Master Gardener volunteer and Consulting Rosarian Black spot, caused by Diplocarpon rosae, is the most common and frustrating fungal disease of roses. Almost all roses, from old garden to modern, are susceptible. While many rose growers do not want to spray, if left untreated, black spot can weaken and cause death in vulnerable roses.
This program will review facts about Diplocarpon rosae and discuss options for management. Both spray and non-spray strategies will be considered, as well as a review of different fungicides and spray regimens. The program is free but registration is requested by calling 828-255-5522.
GARDENING IN THE MOUNTAIN SERIESThursday July 1810:00 am – 12:00 pm”Tomatoes and Diseases “
NC Cooperative ExtensionBuncombe County Center49 Mount Carmel RoadAsheville, NCaaPresenter: Craig Mauney, Agriculture Area Specialized Agent, NC State Extension
Tomatoes are a favorite choice for warm weather vegetable gardening. There is nothing more satisfying than a ripe, luscious, red tomato. They come in all sizes, colors, shapes, and tastes. With a huge number of varieties to choose from, tomatoes are one of the most popular plants grown for our culinary enjoyment. The challenges of growing them are quite a different story. With challenges from soils and temperatures to diseases and insects, tomatoes are also one of the most difficult plants to grow. Come hear an expert give us insight in how to grow bigger, better, healthier tomatoes. Craig Mauney is not only an experienced farmer, but is also an Area Specialized Agent for Commercial Vegetables and Fruits.
The talk is free but registration is requested by calling 828-255-5522.JULY GARDEN CHORES
Lawns* To reduce the spread of brown patch fungus disease in the lawn avoid mowing, and walking on the lawn when it is wet.
* Mow the fescue and bluegrass lawns 3 inches high.
* There are not many Zoysia lawns in the mountains, but if you have one, the warm-season grasses can be fertilized with a half a pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.
* During periods of dry weather avoid adding stress to the lawn and skip a mowing session and if you mow, raise the mowing deck to a higher level. Ornamentals* Don’t fertilize shrubs and trees and complete any pruning early in the month.
* Deadhead spent flowers to encourage continued blooming on annuals and re-blooming on some perennials.
* Container gardens require attention. Fertilize every few weeks with liquid fertilizer and cut back plants as needed.
* Don’t forget to water newly planted trees and shrubs – weekly if needed.
Fruits* Prune fruiting canes from blackberries and raspberries after harvest.
* Prune the vigorous water sprouts on tree fruits to reduce excess growth.
* Spotted Wing Drysophila can be problematic on ripening blueberries. To sample – drop fruit in salt water and watch for larvae to emerge.
* Remove overripe fruit from day neutral strawberries to continue production.
* Although Muscadine grapes are marginally hardy for our area your site may be protected enough to get fruit. Did you know that the dark skin varieities are more disease resistant than the bronze?
Vegetables* Consistent moisture is important for preventing blossom-end-rot on tomatoes (and sometimes squash or peppers). Mulch helps as well as attention to regular irrigation.
* Keep tall vegetables supported with stakes or cages to keep foliage and fruit off the ground.
* Keep a watch out for early or late blight on tomatoes.
GO HERE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT TOMATO DISEASESorattend our July 18 Gardening in the Mountain Series!
* Cut back basil, mint and oregano to keep them compact, encourage new foliage growth and prevent these herbs from blooming and going to seed.
* Harvest vegetables when young, tender and tasty.
* Dig potatoes when the foliage begins to die.
* There is still time to plant late crops of squash, bush beans or cucumbers.
* Plan the fall garden. Take time now to soil sample.
* Start seeds for transplants such as broccoli, cabbage and collards.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON STARTING A FALL VEGETABLE GARDEN
This member of the onion family is also known as tree onions, multiplier onions, walking onions or Egyptian onions The latin name is Allium cepa var. proliferum. They are similar to shallots but have a stronger flavor. This is a perennial onion and produces numerous bulbs below ground as well as clusters of sets on the stalk as shown in the photo.
Clumps can be divided late summer. The bulblets that form on stalk can be planted in the summer also. The mother plant can be divided every few years.
Go HERE to read more about Fall Planting Edible Onions.
DOES YOUR SQUASH FLOWER BUT… NOT SET FRUIT?Squash, cucumbers and similar plants are monoecious, which means they have separate male and female flowers on the same plant. The first flowers to appear are predominately male. As a result, fruit set can be poor early in the season. Plants should begin setting more fruit as the number of female flowers increases.
GREAT TIME FOR A SUN STUDY With the sun at it’s highest this is a good time of year to study the sun and shade patterns in your garden and get a more accurate picture of exactly how much sun or shade a particular area is getting.
COME TO THE SATURDAY SEMINAR ON JULY 13 TO LEARN MORE!
GOOD BUGS & BAD BUGS Lacewing Adult – Debbie Roosaa Being able to identify insects that are beneficial is equally or more important than knowing what might be eating your plants.
Take time in the garden to look closely at your plants to learn more about who is there – predator or prey!
GO HERE to see more photos on pests and beneficials of vegetables and cut flowers.
Lacewing larva eating an aphid – Debbie Roos
FILL GAPS IN THE GARDEN WITH SUMMER COVER CROPSaaThe spring garden can still be producnig when summer garden is planted, often leaving an open sapce until fall. These “gaps in the garden can be planted with a short seasoncover crop until the fall garden goes in, enriching the soil and stabilizing the soil.
Buckwheat, German, Japanese and Pearl Millet, Oats, Southern Peas and Soybeans are great examples of summer cover crop options.
For more information GO HERE
Click Here to find Master Gardeners ….. at a tailgate near you.Ask Questions! Pick up Soil Kits!
aSTART COMPOSTING TODAY!VISIT THE EXTENSION MASTER GARDENERBACKYARD COMPOST DEMONSTRATION aaJuly 2010:00 am – 1:00 pmWNC Farmers Market Jesse Israel and Sons Nursery and Garden CenteraaaaMASTER GARDENER BLOG!aaThe Buncombe County Extension Master Gardener Volunteers have a blog on a variety of topics including current insect and disease issues and gardening tips and activities for all ages and abilities.
CLICK HERE to sign up!aaNEED HELP WITH GARDEN QUESTIONS? Extension Master Gardener Volunteers (EMGVs) are available to answer phones and provide assistance with your plant questions and problems M and F 9:30 – 3:30 and T, W, Th 10:00 – 2:00.
Call 828-255-5522 or visit our office at 49 Mt. Carmel Rd.
Please bring samples large enough for plant identification.aaLEARN MORE ABOUT NC STATE EXTENSION >>Contact:
Alison Arnold, Extension Agent, Consumer Horticulture
49 Mt. Carmel Rd., Asheville, NC 28806